Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Click Here to writing a research paper citing sources us.
Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence. You can get an idea of how to narrow down and focus your subject simply by scanning these various headings and sub-headings. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.
Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. Otherwise, you might accidentally write them into your paper that way, and that would be plagiarism.
One such way is to choose to use only verified sources like trade publications, scholarly articles, journals or books from the local library. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly.
A thesis statement should do the following: To see an example, read more specific information, and work with exercises, check out Summaries and Paraphrases.
Right now, your only concern is ensuring that you have found the most logical progressing for your argument and the corresponding supporting material.
WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. By choosing to work with a topic that you have a fond or even a small interest in, you are more likely to continue to be motivated to delve deeper into you research and will be able to engage more with your readers; something that is difficult to do when the subject matter is dry or mediocre.
Keep in mind that there will be times when you will be assigned topics that are unfamiliar to you. These are usually kept in a separate room in the basement, to my experience!
Does my statement answer the question of my assignment? Anatomy of a Web page. Magazine and journal indexes and abstracts will use their own subject headings but the Library of Congress headings can at least give you an idea of the types of headings to use.
Your professors will expect you to use some journals; in fact, the more advanced your courses are, the more you should be using journal articles in your research as opposed to magazine articles.
Sociofile is another example. If they do, you should check there as well as checking the computer. However, not all libraries have their entire collection on line.
You can consult knowledgeable people in print as well. Some, though not all, of these sources are now in electronic format, and may be accessible outside of the library using a computer. The best way to start your outline is to draft your thesis statement. Any spelling or grammatical errors?
Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? It might be helpful, at this stage, to have someone else read your paper just to give it a fresh perspective. While reading your writing, readers may often feel if the topic was interesting to you; if it was, that may make the readers more interested and expecting to find something valuable in your paper and thus continue reading.
Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher.
Microfiche or microfilm comes in two forms--small cards of information ficheor long film-type strips of information film. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. On-Line Card Catalog An on-line catalog has replaced card catalogs in many libraries as a means of listing and indexing what is in the library.
Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
As you are reading a book, journal article, or newspaper article, you should keep the following questions in mind, which will help you understand how useful the book will be to you.
Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Library of Congress Subject Heading Index The Library of Congress provides an indexing system; most academic libraries index their books using Library of Congress subject headings. The subject heading category allows you to put in key words that might lead to books in your interest area.
You also can include supporting examples that you think would be helpful to refer to. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. However, when you are summarize or paraphrase, you record ideas as opposed to exact language; the language is yours.
Who better than a former Olympic athlete to provide information about the emotional effects of athletic competition? What is the chief reason you are writing the paper?Note the following:Typically, only the last name of the author (s) and the year of publication are given,e.g., Bugjuice Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and theNotice that the reference to the book has a page number (Gumwad ).This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a bookFor two author papers, give both authors' last names (e.g., Click and Clack ).
When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Year, e.g., (Anon. ) (Anon. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: (Driblickin Oobleck ).
(2 more items). Citing References in the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
Finding Sources--explanation Using sources to support your ideas is one characteristic of the research paper that sets it apart from personal and creative writing.
Sources come in many forms, such as magazine and journal articles, books, newspapers, videos, films, computer discussion groups, surveys, or interviews.
This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. Using Research. These OWL resources will help you use the research you have conducted in your documents.
This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism. Research Papers. Writing a Research Paper.
Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide.
Citing sources: Overview. Overview; Citation style guides; To allow your reader to track down the sources you used by citing them accurately in your paper by way of footnotes, a bibliography or reference list Ask us Research guides & expert librarians Productivity tools Scholarly publishing Citation & writing tools More research support.Download