Processing phosphate ore into fertilizers and phosphoric acid for export is a major economic activity. On the Atlantic coast, where there are extensive plains, olives, citrus fruits, and wine grapes are grown, largely with water supplied by artesian wells. For a long time the industry has been an economic pillar for the country.
In the rainy sections of the northeast, barleywheatand other cereals can be raised without irrigation. In fact, Morocco is being touted as the most popular retirement destination among Europeans because it is inexpensive compared to other European tourist destinations. Many rural communities rely on a single water source to sustain families and livelihoods.
Ownership in the manufacturing sector is largely private. The government owns the phosphate-chemical fertilizer industry and much of the sugar-milling capacity, through either partnership or joint financing. The sector also attracts high levels of FDI and authorities have announced initiatives to improve the investment climate, with particular attention to off-shoring activities, automotive, aeronautics, electronics, food processing activities, products from the sea and textiles.
On the markets, vegetables are already running out and the prices are hiking.
Several million visitors enter Morocco yearly, most of them from Europe. The rise in construction activities and efforts to improve infrastructure are creating many opportunities for public-private partnerships.
Heavy industry is largely limited to petroleum refiningchemical fertilizers, automobile and tractor assembly, foundry work, asphalt, and cement.
According to statistics from the Agriculture department, rainfall nationwide average stood at 25 millimeters from November to March. Industrial activity recorded a 5.
By working with small farmers and private sector firms, such technology reduces operational costs while using less water. During that time the Moroccan government committed significant resources — by way of loans and tax exemptions — to the development of the tourist industry and associated services.
Part of the maritime population fishes for its livelihood. Until the early s, government involvement was dominant and the major focus was on import substitution.
Impacts in this sector include: USAID supports water resource management in Morocco by introducing new technologies to help improve agricultural productivity and rural livelihoods. That same year, the International Narcotics Control Board commended the Government of Morocco for its efforts to eradicate cannabis plant cultivation on its territory, which has resulted in the total potential production of cannabis resin in the Rif region decreasing by 10 per cent over the previous year.
At the same time the board called upon the international community to support its efforts where possible. Drought[ edit ] Unreliable rainfall is a chronic problem that produces drought or sudden floods.
The cannabis is typically processed into hashish. The rainfall shortage will engender a loss of 50 million working days in the country-side, Malki said. Another drought occurred inand one in — The danger of drought is ever present and still dramatically affects the Moroccan economy, even though Moroccan decisionmakers have recently[ when?
To address water supply, sanitation and hygiene, USAID is working with local-level water-supply government institutions — such as River Basin Agencies and Ministry of Agriculture regional offices - to introduce water-efficient technologies and water management tools that promote conservation and increase public awareness and community involvement in water issues.
The amendment was meant to allow bill drafters take into account the results of the cereal harvest.Periodic drought is a key feature of Moroccan agriculture, and given that 90% of agricultural land is not irrigated, it poses the single greatest hazard (Skees, ; Swearingen and Bencherifa, ).
Morocco is a water-scarce country confronted with dwindling groundwater reserves and a strong dependence on rain-fed agriculture. Only 15 percent of total agricultural land is irrigated, resulting in inefficient water use and management. Many rural communities rely on a single water source to sustain families and livelihoods.
GDP growth in was only % due to a poor harvest caused by prolonged periods of drought; Morocco experienced nonagricultural GDP growth of percent in Inflation is expected to reach % in due to the rising costs of energy.
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Get started now! ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEWS MOROCCO Synopsis UNITED NATIONS.
development was realized through a convergence of socio-economic issues and the adoption of sectoral country’s food import requirement can rise substantially in drought years.
Drought conditions and management strategies in Morocco suggesting an increased frequency in drought events in Morocco, the average annual impact might become even greater in the future.
It is, therefore, crucial that responsible on drought issues according to .Download