Additionally, Paul and his friends do not consider the opposing armies to be their real enemies; in their view, their real enemies are the men in power in their own nation, who they believe have sacrificed them to the war simply to increase their own power and glory.
Historical Context of All Quiet on the Western Front World War I, which began in the summer of and ended in November ofwas fought by many countries but mainly involved Germany and the Austro-Hungarian empire fighting against France, Britain, Russia, and eventually America.
Hospital scenes portray men with grisly wounds that go untreated because of insufficient medical supplies.
Even when the story begins, all Paul has known is death, horror, fear, suffering, and hopelessness. Paul says that German parents are always ready with the word "coward" for a young person who will not join up.
Paul watches the rain fall and says: They later come upon a scene with dead bodies whose bellies are swollen like balloons. Because of the horror of the war and the anxiety it induces, Paul, like other soldiers, learns to disconnect his mind from his feelings, keeping his emotions at bay in order to preserve his sanity and survive.
And throughout the novel, Paul meditates on this issue: Yet this quality of Kantorek arguably reflects the espousal of dated ideas by an older generation of leaders who betray their followers with manipulations, ignorance, and lies.
The novel delves into questions of what makes an enemy and what it takes for a soldier to dehumanize his opponent. Paul questions the point of war even more as resources dwindle. In fact, it would probably be easier to tell you why this novel is irrelevant: Paul feels even further detached from his family because of the terrible things he has seen.
They roast the goose and eat it for dinner. Few people outside of veterans, however, think of the particulars The men are later brought to a field judge, who informs Himmelstoss his actions are petty and unnecessary on the Front. It must be all lies and of no account when the culture of a thousand years could not prevent this stream of blood being poured out, these torture-chambers in their hundreds of thousands.
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There, he is confronted by Russian prisoners, who are unexpectedly humanized in his eyes. Over and over again, in scenes of battle and scenes of rest, we see the comradeship of this tiny group of men.
He speaks of the wise but poor people in relation to their parents: As Kantorek and his speeches are recalled throughout the novel, Paul and his friends become increasingly disgusted by them; their experience of war has made them increasingly cynical about patriotism and nationalism.
He returned to Switzerland shortly thereafter, where he lived with his American film star wife, Paulette Goddard, until his death.
Get the entire All Quiet on the Western Additionally, the soldiers are forced to live in appalling conditions—in filthy, waterlogged ditches full of rats and decaying corpses and infested with lice.
The lorries and medics arrive too quickly, and they are forced to rethink their decision. World War I was also characterized by trench warfare, in which soldiers on either side lived for months on end in wet, rat- and disease-infested trenches dug into the ground, suffering thousands of lost lives to gain or lose just a few feet of ground.
Trenches, hospitals, the common grave — there are no other possibilities. Every battle scene roughly every other chapter features brutal violence and bloody descriptions of death and injury.
He begins to long to be back at battle. At this stage of the novel, Himmelstoss represents the meanest, pettiest, most loathsome aspects of humanity that war draws out. It is a "forest of the dead. Remarque writes his story to explain their reason for asking this question and why they felt betrayed by their teachers, families, and government.
The men march on to battle, where Paul is separated and has to hide in an abandoned shell hole. In Chapter 5, Paul and Kat have captured a goose and are roasting it late at night.
Himmelstoss is just such a figure: They use this time to swim and cook sausages, the latter of which attracts a group of hungry French girls.
Back then the water was fragrant, the wind melodious; these memories of nature cause a powerful calmness and awaken a remembrance of what was — but sadly, will never be again. The inclusion of a seemingly anachronistic literary type—the scheming or dangerous diminutive man—may seem out of place in a modern novel.
Eventually, Paul is the last man among his group of friends still alive. Comradeship Throughout all the horrifying pictures of death and inhumanity, Remarque does scatter a redeeming quality: Kat is shot in the leg and Paul carries him back to the camp.Paul Bäumer.
As the novel’s narrator and protagonist, Paul is the central figure in All Quiet on the Western Front and serves as the mouthpiece for Remarque’s meditations about killarney10mile.comhout the novel, Paul’s inner personality is contrasted with the way the war forces him to act and feel.
In Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front, the author develops his central themes of alienation, dehumanization, and disconnectedness by using several literary devices, including.
InRemarque lost his German citizenship, eventually moving to Switzerland. Remarque went on to have a long and lauded literary career, but he never again published a book as wildly successful (or as controversial) as All Quiet on the Western Front.
Remarque indicates throughout the novel that the only way for a soldier to survive battle is to turn off his mind and operate solely on instinct, becoming less like a human being and more like an animal.
All Quiet on the Western Front Theme Analysis All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque has two major themes. The first is that war is hell. Remarque uses detailed descriptions, comparisons, and imagery to convey this theme in his novel.
Themes Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Horror of War. The overriding theme of All Quiet on the Western Front is the terrible brutality of war, which informs every scene in the novel.Download